The recent outbreak of a new type of coronavirus has become a major global health concern. Although the virus originated in Wuhan, China, it has quickly spread around the world and is now present in many countries. As the new coronavirus continues to spread, it’s important to stay up to date on the latest information and stay informed of the potential risks. Here is what you need to know about the new virus.
What is the New Coronavirus?
The new coronavirus, technically called SARS-CoV-2 and commonly referred to as COVID-19, is a type of virus that can cause respiratory illness. It is related to the SARS virus that caused an outbreak in 2002–2003 and MERS, which caused an outbreak in 2012. The first cases of the new coronavirus were reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
How does the New Coronavirus Spread?
The new coronavirus is believed to be passed from person-to-person, primarily via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus may also spread through contact with saliva, saliva-containing objects, or other people’s body fluids. There is also evidence that the virus can spread through contact with surfaces and objects that have the virus on them.
Common Symptoms of Coronavirus
The most common symptom of coronavirus is a fever, but other symptoms may include:
• Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
• Muscle or body aches
• Sore throat
• Loss of smell or taste
• Congestion or runny nose
• Nausea or vomiting
Preventative Measures for Coronavirus
The most effective way to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus is to practice good hygiene, as well as social distancing. The following are important preventative measures that everyone should take to limit the spread of the virus:
• Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
• Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
• Stay home if you are sick.
• Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
• Disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
• Wear a face mask in public when social distancing is not possible.
Treatment and Recovery of Coronavirus
Most people who contract the coronavirus will experience mild symptoms, such as fever and a cough, and will be able to recover at home. Those with severe symptoms may require hospitalization and, in some cases, a ventilator. Treatment largely depends on the severity of the illness and may include antivirals, antibiotics, breathing assistance, and pain management.
Complications and Long-Term Effects of Coronavirus
In some cases, severe complications can occur as a result of coronavirus, including pneumonia, kidney failure, and death. Recovery may take some time and some people may also experience long-term effects, such as fatigue and breathlessness.
Positive Outlook of Coronavirus
It’s important to remember that most people who get coronavirus have mild symptoms and can recover quickly. In addition, there have already been several success stories in which patients have recovered from the virus. With increased research and increased support for those affected, the outlook for recovery looks very positive.
The new coronavirus has become a global health concern that has resulted in several safety measures worldwide. In order to prevent the spread of the virus and protect yourself, it’s important to stay up to date on the latest information and practice good hygiene, social distancing, and other preventative measures. Most people who contract the virus will experience mild symptoms and should be able to recover at home. In addition, with an increasing amount of research and support, the outlook for recovery of those affected appears to be very positive.